A free trade deal between China and the Association of Southeast Nations (Asean) comes into affect this year.
The government Indonesia, which is part of Asean, says removing barriers and ensuring easy cross border trade will help grow the domestic economy.
But many workers are worried they will not be able to compete against a flood of Chinese products and Indonesian farmers, especially, worry that they will soon be out of jobs as consumers choose cheaper Chinese produce.
Thousands of workers have taken to the streets calling for parts of the trade pact to be delayed.
Al Jazeera’s Step Vaessen reports from Cipanas in West Java.
China has overtaken the US as Africa’s top trading partner, and Beijing’s growing economic clout is increasingly visible across the continent – but critics say the Asian giant’s pursuit of lucrative contracts is at the expense of the environment.
In the latest in our series China Buys The World, Al Jazeera’s Haru Mutasa reports from Mozambique, where Beijing’s conduct is drawing concern.